The advanced Quality Control laboratory at JKAL conducts regular tests on sampling, physical purity, genetic purity, germination, vigour and moisture content in accordance with the International seed testing rules published by the International Seed Testing Association (ISTA). The genetic purity of seeds is assessed through techniques such as DNA fingerprinting involving AFLP, SSR and ISSR Markers. Advanced methods and instruments like Q2 machines (Single seed vigour analysis) are also being used.